Victorian Era Timeline of Queen Victoria 1837 to 1901

The Victorian Era gets its name from Queen Victoria who ruled England from 1837 to 1901. During this long reign of 64 years, many changes were brought about in England. Victorian Era is known for the vast developments that took place changing the political and economic structure of England. The following timeline will enable us to understand this remarkable period.

YEAR SIGNIFICANCE
1837 Victoria was crowned as the Queen of Britain. This was the beginning of the Victorian period. The House of Parliament was built in this year.
 

1840

Penny Black Stamp was issued. It was the first stamp issued in the world. Queen Victoria married her cousin, Prince Albert. London library was started.
 

1841

 

The first ever railway excursion was arranged by Thomas Cook. Hypnosis was discovered. Prince Edward was born. New Zealand became a colony. The Great Western Railway from Bristol to London was completed.
1842 Queen Victoria travels for the first time in a train. The Opium war between Britain and China ceases and the Treaty of Nanking was signed. An attempt to assinate Queen Victoria. Mines Act was enacted to prohibit children below ten years to work in mines.
1844 The potato famine breaks out in Ireland. Morse telegraph was introduced. Factories Act was enacted to restrict the working hours of children between five-ten of age to seven hours a day.
1845 &

1844-1845

The S.S Great Britain was built by Isambard Brunel.

8,000 km long railway line was built across Britain.

1846 Ether was used as an anesthetic.
1848 Queen’s College for Women was established. Marx and Engels issued Communist Manifesto.
1849 Disraeli became the head of Conservative Party. Bedford College for Women was founded.
1850 First post boxes were built. Telegraph cable-line was built to pass under the English channel. First Workhouses were started to help the extremely poor people by providing food and shelter in return of work.
 

1851

The Great Exhibition was sponsored by Prince Albert and was help at the Crystal Palace. Sewing machine was invented. First free public library was opened in Winchester and London became the most populous city of Britain.
1853 The Crimean War began.
1854 Men’s Working College was started in London. Florence Nightingale joins the Crimean camp to nurse the victims. Out-break of cholera epidemic.
1855 Printing Telegraph was introduced. Famous Artist Ford Madox Brown painted the ‘Last of England’.
1856 The Crimean War ended. Anglo-Chinese war began.
1857 Victoria and Albert Museum was started in London. Mutiny of the soldiers in India, a British Colony.
1859 Charles Darwin published his book €˜Origin of Species€™.
1860 First book on nursing was published by Florence Nightingale. In the 1860™s the boneshaker was introduced. These were one of the first bicycles having pedals.
1861 Prince Albert dies of Typhoid fever.
1863 First underground railway was started in London. The Football Association was founded.
1864 Boys below the age of 10 years were prohibited from sweeping the chimneys.
1867 Disraeli introduces law enabling taxpayers to vote.
1870 Schools were established for children between the age group of five- ten years.
1871 Queen Victoria opens Albert Hall.
1874 The ten hour Factory Act was brought into force to limit the number of working hours to ten. Disraeli became the Prime Minister.
1876 Queen Victoria was crowned as the Empress of India. Primary education was made mandatory.
1877 Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. The world’€™s first recording of human voices after phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison.
1878 First public electric lighting was started on London streets.
1879 First electric light bulb was invented by Thomas Edison.
1880 Compulsory education for children up to the age of twelve was implemented.
1883 First Electric Railway was introduced.
1885 Karl Benz built the first automobile. Prince of Wales opened the Birmingham Museum Round Room and Industrial Gallery.
1887 Gramophone was invented.
1888 Jack the Ripper terrorizes London
1891 Free education was proposed to every child between the age group of five to thirteen
1901 Queen Victoria died and her son Edward VII ascended the throne.
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